EMS Training
EMS Training
Ground Emergency Medical Transport (GEMT)
Ground Emergency Medical Transport (GEMT)

GEMT & House Bill 4030:
An Opportunity to Help Oregon’s Public EMS System

Oregon’s Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system ensures quality medical care and ambulance transport for every individual. This care is administered by public sector EMS providers (such as fire departments/districts) and/or private sector ambulance companies. 


Today, more than 1 million Oregonians receive care through the Oregon Health Plan (OHP), Oregon’s Medicaid program. The Oregon Health Authority reports that since the Medicaid enrollment expansion in January 2014, approximately 436,000 Oregonians have gained coverage, a 71 percent increase since 2013.

Uncompensated Costs of

Transporting Medicaid Patients

Like all Oregonians, Medicaid patients rely on Oregon’s EMS system when they need emergency medical care and transport to a medical facility. The reimbursement rate for the care and transport of Medicaid patients is far below the cost of providing these services, placing an increasingly greater financial burden on the Public EMS system, and ultimately taxpayers. 

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GEMT Funds

GEMT draws funds from the federally-backed Medicaid entitlement program, allowing public EMS providers the ability to collect a percentage of their uncompensated costs for providing care to Medicaid patients. This would assist Oregon’s public EMS system by ‘filling the gap’ in the cost of these services now being shouldered by local fire departments and districts.

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GEMT legislation (HB 4030) is the first step to engaging stakeholders

GEMT legislation (like that passed in California and Washington) is required for Oregon’s public EMS providers to be eligible for federal reimbursement. If House Bill 4030 is enacted, it would allow Oregon’s EMS system to work with the State on the creation of a State Amendment Plan (SPA).


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